Jason C. Stanley

ponderings of a dad walking humbly & seeking justice

Tag: parables

Book Review: Who Counts?

Who Counts? 100 Sheep, 10 Coins, and 2 Sons, Amy-Jill Levine & Sandy Eisenberg Sasso, Westminster John Knox Press, 2017.

 Fred Craddock, a New Testament scholar, refers to the three “lost” parables in Luke 15 as “Three Parables of Joy.” He writes, “The three parables of chapter 15 are a trilogy in that all three speak of the joy of finding that which was lost.”

Amy-Jill Levine, a professor of New Testament and Jewish Studies at Vanderbilt Divinity School, and Sandy Eisenberg Sasso, a rabbi and Director of Religion, Spirituality and the Arts Initiative at Bulter University and Christian Theological Seminary, give readers a fresh take on the familiar parables in Luke 15 in Who Counts? These stories of Jesus are retold in modern-day settings and with modern, diverse characters.

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Sermon: Cultivating Hope

This is a sermon I preached as part of a 4-night revival at Evington United Methodist in Alta Vista, Virginia. You can download the Ponderings Podcast on iTunes and listen from your podcast app.


August: Osage County (2013)

August: Osage County received nominations for Best Actress: Meryl Streep and Best Supporting Actress: Julia Robert. 

August: Osage CountyAdapted by the playwright Tracy Letts, from his own play, August: Osage County makes the challenging shift from stage to screen. Unfortunately, it may have been better left to the stage. The trailer that has been playing over and over again on television is a bit misleading. It couples parts of dialogue together that do not below together. It also makes the film appear funnier than it really is. While there are funny moments in the film, we have to question whether it really is humorous or just plan mean.

The film begins with Beverly Weston (Sam Shepherd), a lonely poet hiring Johna (Misty Upham), a Native American woman to be the cook, nurse, and maid for his old farmhouse and for his sick wife, Violet (Meryl Streep). After hiring Johna, Beverly disappears. This disappearance is what sets the story in motion. It brings the family together to the old farmhouse in Osage County, Oklahoma.

The August, Oklahoma heat is not the only thing keeping the family members on edge. Violet, who is suffering from mouth cancer and is addicted to pain pills, is ruthless when it comes to sharing what she really thinks. As the family gathers around the table after Bev’s funeral, the insults, the anger, the name calling, and the “truth” telling begins.

Eventually the “truth” telling leads to dishes being broken, Violet being wrestled to the floor by her daughter, and pills being flushed down the toilet. Violet’s sister, Mattie Fae (Margot Martindale) will drop another bomb onto the plot, which later we learn Violet knew about the whole time.

As Violet, Meryl Streep dominates the screen, which only reminds us why the story is better on the stage than on the screen. Streep has this innate ability of bringing pure horror to a character, while evoking pity for her from the audience. It is why she has received over eighteen Oscar nominations. But what makes Streep shine is her supporting cast. Of all the actors only Julia Roberts, as the eldest daughter Barbara, got an Oscars nomination.

The supporting cast is one of the best, and frankly makes the film tolerable. Within the first twenty to thirty minutes, we get a sense of who Violent is and that Violent is not going to change. But it is the supporting cast that gives us hope. Julia Roberts’ Barbara has her own set of struggles, a cheating husband (Ewan McGregor) and a teenager searching for her own place in the world (Abigail Breslin). A cancer-striken, pill addicted mother doesn’t help. Barbara is the only one, however, who is willing to speak up, break a dish or two, and really tell her mother what she thinks. Not unlike Violet.


Barbara enters the story with a guilty conscience, feeling that the situation and the drama is somehow her fault. Violent does not give up the chance to tell Barbara that its her fault, either. “You were his favorite,” Violent tells her daughter, implying that she is Violent’s rival in the family.

The other two sisters are Ivy (Julianna Nicholson) and Karen (Juliette Lewis). Karen is the baby of the family who left home to sow wild seeds. She brings one of them home with her as her fiance, who makes advances on Barbara’s daughter. Ivy is the middle daughter who never left home. She was left to care for her mother, while dealing with her own medical issues of not being able to have children.

Ivy is the older son in Jesus’ parable of the Prodigal Son, while Barbara and Karen are the younger son. Ivy hangs on to bitterness towards her sisters, mostly Barbara, for leaving her behind. No one knows about her secret love for Little Charles (Benedict Cumberbatch), which largely represents the fact that no one really knows her. Ivy has remained faithful to the work at hand, unable to successfully carve out her own life, her own happiness, or her own healing.

Violet reveals in one of her “truth” telling moments how cruel her mother was to her and to Mattie Fae. It is one of the rare moments when Mattie Fae is silent. It is clear that pain riddled their childhood, just has it as for Barbara, Ivy, Karen, and Little Charles. Mattie Fae shows her true colors when Little Charles arrives late to the funeral. Charlie (Chris Cooper) stands up to Mattie Fae telling her that she doesn’t start treating their son with more respect, he is going to leave.

Chris Cooper is one of the best, and I think was overlooked for an Oscar nomination. He is the new, gentle, patriarch of the family. He is the calm presence in the midst of the dysfunction and chaos under Violet’s control. He is also the loving and proud father, offering Little Charles love and advice, where he does not get it from the rest of the family, except from Ivy.

While there are connections to the Parable of the Prodigal Son, what seems to be missing is the loving father. Beverly disappears too early in the film, and Violet is drunk, high, angry, or a combination of all three. Ivy as the eldest son ends up driving off. Barbara and Karen, though they are the prodigals who returned home, leave too. The Forgiving Father is Johna, the hired cook, nurse, and maid. She is the healer, offering unconditional love to Violet as she holds her and rocks her. It is the films only major, significant scene.

Follow Friday: Andrew Taylor-Troutman

I first met Andrew Taylor-Troutman in a seminary classroom. We were both students at Union-PSCE, now Union Presbyterian Seminary in Richmond, Virginia. I have this image of Andrew sitting in the chapel in Watts as I preached (if you want to call it that) during a chapel service. The Central America travel seminar group was leading worship one week, sharing about the experiences from the trip. I was sharing about our week in Costa Rica and how we experienced God.

That image of Andrew sitting in the old pew listening intently to what was being said and shared, pondering in his heart these things, has stuck with me through the years. Andrew ponders. And his pondering has led to writing beyond a blog. Andrew has two books published sharing his ponderings, Take My Hand, and most recently Parables of Parenthood. Andrew’s published works are both connected to his vocation as a pastor.

Writing Beginnings

Andrew started journaling while in college, but started writing five to six days a week while in seminary as a spiritual discipline. He says:

I used to wake up early just to write! I found that there was a great convergence between my classes, which I wanted to articulate but wasn’t really appropriate for assigned papers. So I needed to carver out some extra time.

Andrew attended a travel seminar in 2008 to Ghana. One of the requirements of the seminar was to submit a journal. While he thought what he turned in was the typical, customary musings of a seminary student, the reaction from Andrew’s professors was extraordinary. “They were extremely impressed,” he recalls, “I wasn’t really thinking about publishing then, but their support did leave an impression on me.”

After seminary, Andrew entered a graduate program at the University of Virginia. After that, he felt a call to parish ministry. During this time, serving a local church, he resumed his journaling. He was no longer writing papers for professors and it served as an outlet to process all the experiences his ministry was providing him. “Which,” Andrew says, “I might term a collision between my head and heart, my graduate study and new found relationships with laity.”

On Being Published

He goes on to say:
Re-reading my journals, I began to notice that my musings were connected with my Sunday sermons. In other words, my reflections on the events of Monday through Saturday were informing my work on Sunday in conversation with the biblical texts. This is the idea behind Take My Hand. I was fortunate that the publisher, Wipf & Stock, happened to be looking for practical theology.

Parables of Parenthood

Andrew has a new book out titled Parables of Parenthood. This began when the Wednesday morning
Bible study group at New Dublin Presbyterian asked him to teach the parables.
Andrew agreed, and he was soon intrigued by the parables contained in more than one Gospel. “In certain cases,” he states, “Matthew, Mark, and Luke received a teaching of Jesus that had been transmitted from mouth-to-mouth and recorded it in such a way as to directly address their current audience.” Because the Gospel writers were writing to different audiences, this accounts for the differences we may see in the Gospels. And in some cases, the slighter the difference, the more profound it can be.
Armed with this analysis, Andrew began to think about how the lessons he would be teaching impact his own life as a first-time father.
Parables of Parenthood is really a Bible study, written in accessible language for a wide audience, that is explained in part by anecdotes from my family life, kind of like sermon illustrations.
Andrew has shared excerpts from his new book on his blog.

On Writing

Andrew still tries to write every day, even if it is just a little. He recalls how his seminary professor Carson Brisson told hims about his older son, a collegiate swimmer, who would swim what appeared to be lazy laps over his Christmas break. When questioned by his father, the son responded that he was trying to get a “feel for the water.” “I try to do that with words,” Andrew says.
This getting a “feel for the words,” includes editing, going over and over a piece until it “sounds” or “feels” right to him. Andrew tends to write by intuition. In other words, he doesn’t know that something is inside of him until he gets it out.
The American poet Wallace Stevens is known for saying that everyone is waiting for the lightning to fall, but while you wait, wait writing. These words speak to Andrew. “Writing is a mysterious process to me,” he says, “but I am crystal-clear that it takes hard work and daily commitment.”
Andrew will be the Peakland Academy guest speaker, presenting on Parables of Parenthood at Peakland United Methodist on Monday, March 10, 2014 starting at 6pm. 

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